School violence: Emotional literacy is one of the ways to reverse it

  • According to data from the Superintendence of Education, in the first semester of this year, complaints of physical or psychological abuse among the students themselves increased by 56.2% compared to 2018 and 2019 and their approach requires intervention in the school context, but also in the family. For this, teaching in socio-emotional topics is essential.

The first Thursday of every November marks the International Day Against Violence and Bullying at School, a date to raise awareness about this problem that has become more present after the return to post-pandemic face-to-face.

But what can schools and families do to stop the spread of school violence at an early age? In the opinion of Carol Bazignan, an expert in educational psychology and neuroeducation, an academic from the U. San Sebastián School of Psychology, a basic and key aspect is learning and teaching to recognize, express and modulate emotions, “an aspect that seems simple However, we find ourselves in a system that is up to date with these lessons, which are crucial for managing our behavior”, explains the expert.

And it is that “learning from our emotions requires that they teach us about this, in everyday life, in daily relationships in life itself, it is not just about implementing a couple of workshops or little systematic activities, it is about talking daily about the emotions, just as we talk about other daily aspects, because making them part of our lives is necessary to understand them and thus be able to manage them”, says Bazignan.

An important aspect, explains the USS expert, is that in order to teach them, adults need to understand, express and modulate them in their own lives, since children and adolescents not only learn from words but mainly from the actions they they observe from their referent adults, faced with this, the question we must ask ourselves as adults is: are we recognizing our emotions? Are we expressing them clearly? Are we adequately managing them with our environment?

The challenge is that as a social system we have to take charge, since the mental health of children depends on the mental health of adults, therefore “it is time to stop and give ourselves the time to understand what is happening to us, learn to to feel, to put a name to what arises and from there think about what my best options are to deal with it”, says the psychologist from U. San Sebastián.

Wellness Activation Strategies

Additionally, the professional comments that neurosciences have shown the existence of various strategies which help to quickly activate states of well-being and connection with “our feelings”, actions that in simple terms help with the release of neurotransmitters that activate feelings of happiness. , pleasure and serenity.

Conscious breathing, yoga or mindfulness, are activities that, apart from helping us release these transmitters, allow our nervous system to enter a state of calm, and it is only in that state when our mind clears up and we can make more pertinent decisions or we are able to understand things that in a moment of stress or anguish is impossible.

Systematic physical exercise contributes a lot to the sensation of energy and pleasure, also a balanced diet and adequate sleep allows to repair and maintain a healthy and healthy mind and body.

Issues that are clearly not new, but that science supports as preventive measures that contribute not only to the balance of our body, but also in a state of emotional and social well-being with our environment.

For this reason, the specialist urges educational institutions to move towards school cultures that value, incorporate and establish daily practices that work on the emotional world of all its educational actors, only by opening that space, she says “we can deepen and advance towards climates and safe learning environments, which allow for real learning to occur”.

School violence: Emotional literacy is one of the ways to reverse it