School violence skyrockets as effect of confinement

The return to classes has represented a danger for some students, school violence is a constant this 2022. Since the 2022-2023 school year began, the Ministry of Public Education (SEP) in Puebla has a record of 10 cases of bullying.

In an interview with the media, the head of the unit, Melitón Lozano Pérez, pointed out that the presence brought new challenges for the institutions, since the students spent more than a year in confinement and coexistence in the classrooms always generates good friendships as well as enmities.

Read more: Schools launch an SOS to stop bullying, ask to join forces

“These cases have to do with the presence of schoolchildren in the classrooms since they were away for a long time, then in a hybrid model and now they are all together.”

— Melitón Lozano, head of the SEP in Puebla.

He assured that any case of bullying will be dealt with with the corresponding sanctions, for which reason work will continue with academics and educational authorities, in addition to asking the parents of relatives to continue using the networks to spread any case of aggression or bullying of the school. who are victims for investigation.

Most Recent Cases:

  1. A student was beaten on the first day of classes by two of his elementary classmates in the municipality of Chignahuapan; the Human Rights Commission is already investigating possible violations of his rights.
  2. A minor from a kindergarten in the Amalucan neighborhood, in the capital, was sexually abused; the janitor, the teacher responsible for the group and the director of the school were suspended from their duties while the corresponding investigations are carried out.
  3. Two high school students who physically attacked each other inside the classroom at the Benemérito Instituto Normal del Estado (BINE).
Don’t Let Go: Stop Bullying in Schools; SEP will sanction mistreatment

Violence rose with the pandemic

In interview with meterPaola Santiago Juárez, a psychologist from the Adalet collective in Puebla, pointed out that as a result of the pandemic, the different types of violence were underpinned because society faced new situations and emotional wear and tear, which although it has been recognized, has not been addressed.

He explained that violence is an intentional act that is learned in the different areas in which we develop, such as home, work and school, adding that in this last space most schools do not have a psychologist or psychologist who can attend to these problems, in addition to the fact that it is stigmatized to go to mental health services.

“Once we recognize that violence is intentional and learned, we can begin to see the real sources, in the school environment there are two types of violence, bullying and harassment.”

He added that bullying occurs between peers, students or teachers, having in this case an equal hierarchical relationship; however, in this expression of violence there are three main actors: the person who attacks, the victim and the direct and indirect witnesses.

“Surely whoever is attacking others also experiences violence in their family environment and that is why it increases (…) in this modality another important factor is that it is constant, now the violence no longer only remains in that environment, but it is a violence that it is lived throughout the day, in social networks, at recess and in classes”.

Regarding harassment, Santiago Pérez explained that there is a difference in hierarchies, since there are teachers who make hurtful jokes, jokes, push, nicknames, show mistakes, practices that are normalized and occur constantly, although now it is not “allowed” hitting the students, yes there is discrimination and ridicule.

Violence in the school environment, another factor

The specialist highlighted that another field of violence occurs in the school environment, here organized crime is involved due to the sale of drugs around, fights abroad, or a climate of insecurity that affects relations between students and teachers.

“One of the main solution alternatives is to recognize the violence and start working through experts, sometimes you want to give workshops and they only give 20 minutes, most institutions are not serious, many times the associations are the that they are going to request the opening to take the information.”

Alternatives to reduce violence:
  • Recognize that it is a task of all the actors of the population.
  • Schools acknowledge involvement in perpetration if there is no sanction.
  • In family settings get involved in raising their children.
  • Promote peaceful conflict resolution practices.
  • SEP must give real training to the entire teaching and administrative staff, publicize the criteria of the prevention manual for violence in schools, and identify areas of opportunity.
  • Put action protocols into practice and not wait for the resolution when the case is broadcast in the media.
  • In the case of the complaint, if it is not received, follow up, demand that it be addressed or go to the Human Rights Commission to receive advice and legal support.
Data

Violence against women aged 15 and over in the school environment

psychological

2016: 8.5% 2021: 11.6%

Physical

2016: 6.4% 2021: 1.7%

Sexual

2016: 10.7% 2021: 8.8%

main aggressors: classmate, teacher, unknown person at school, another person at school, classmate.

Source: National Survey on the Dynamics of Relationships in Households (Endireh) 2021

School violence skyrockets as effect of confinement