The role of the Honda motorcycle: here is the turning point in the mysteries of the Moro case

For almost 45 years, how many have passed since the via Fani massacre in which he was kidnapped Aldo Moro and his escort was exterminated, we wondered about the role of a Honda motorcycle, seen by numerous eyewitnesses, with two still unidentified people on the saddle. That bike has fully entered the so-called ‘mysteries of the Moro case’, a category in which in reality the knots that many years of investigations have not been able to solve are grouped together.

But now on Honda motorcycle the Parliamentary Anti-Mafia Commission turns on a beacon, reaching a turning point, which is able to anticipate: that motorcycle not only was there but most likely participated in the action of March 16, 1978.

As to who the individuals riding the Honda were, the hypotheses have been wasted over the years: two autonomous Romans who passed there by chance, an unlikely theory but accredited by the Brigadier Alessio Casimirri, who speaking to another member of the organization, Raimondo Etro, would have called them “two idiots”. Or even, as claimed by the former police inspector Enrico Rossi, agents of the Services. A jumble of hypotheses that paradoxically contributed to spreading a thick fog on the Honda.

Already the former attorney general of Rome Antonio Marini, audited in 2015 by the second Moro Commission, defined “a worry”The failure to identify the occupants of the bike, confessing that the fact that they could“ go unpunished ”tormented him.

The investigations of the Anti-Mafia Commission, however, confirm the operation on the site of the massacre of the motorcycle and, therefore, the presence of a greater number of subjects involved in the ambush. Starting precisely from the conclusions of the second Moro Commission of 2017, which had clearly reiterated that the motorcycle had operated in via Fani, the parliamentary body again heard a eyewitnessat the time university student and expert on motorcycles.

In its minutes, of which can exclusively anticipate the content, the witness, Roman but now resident in Northern Italy, recalled that he stopped on the morning of March 16, 1978 at the intersection of via Fani with via Stresa coming from via della Camilluccia, to allow the passage on foot of two men wearing blue airmen uniforms, that is the clothing chosen, also according to the brigatists involved, for the fire group.

The witness, however, adds another important and, above all, new detail: he saw a motorcycle, stationary on its stand, in front of the Olivetti bar, the commercial activity located right in front of the place of the ambush and which was closed that morning, with a young man in the driver’s seat also dressed as an airman. Not only that: the witness specifies that that individual could not be there by chance, since even the airmen he had seen passing on foot, had headed towards the bar. From the overall scene, the witness had gotten the impression that the bar was a meeting place, even though he did not make him suspicious at the time, given that Alitalia staff resided in the area.

The witness, heard immediately after the massacre, already told in 1978 that he had seen a large-displacement motorcycle stopped in front of the bar but in his recent deposition he adds the detail of the person in the saddle dressed as airman. Which excludes the hypothesis, incredibly taken for granted in past investigations, that the bike was there by chance. If the members of the commando, by the same admission as the members of the Red Brigades, dressed in airmen uniforms, the individual seen by the witness probably participated in the action.

A detail that changes the scene in via Fani. The Anti-Mafia Commission defines the witness as “of very high reliability” even if his statements had never been deepened. Statements that now make it impossible to deny that one motorcycle with two people on board he played at least a supporting role for the via Fani commandos.

The confirmation, paradoxically, also comes from the attitude of the Red Brigades, who over the years have always denied the presence of the bike, starting with Valerio Morucci, author of the memorial on which the judicial reconstruction of the ambush of March 16, 1978 is based. The position of the former terrorists has always been the same: shrug on the bike and distance themselves. Yet, as we have seen, that bike in via Fani was there. In addition to the witness heard again by the Anti-Mafia Commission, there are at least six witnesses who already at the time of the events reported to the investigators that they had seen the motorcycle.

The most important of these, a key witness of via Fani, is the engineer Alessandro Marini, who that morning was a few meters beyond the intersection between via Fani and via Stresa and had seen a large-displacement motorcycle with two people on board following the fugitive Fiat 132 in via Stresa on which Aldo Moro had been loaded. Marini reported that one of the individuals riding the motorcycle wielded a short weapon and resembled the actor Eduardo De Filippo.

It is perhaps just a coincidence but of a policeman called “agent Eduardo” precisely because of the resemblance to the Neapolitan playwright, it is said, in a note from 2016 to the records of the Moro Commission, that presents here for the first time, signed by the magistrate consultant Gianfranco Donadio. It reports the testimony of the former policeman Pasquale Viglione who, in the summer of 1980, while on night service aboard the Monteverde 2 steering wheel, had stopped a car with Matteo Piano on board, partner of the Autocia car dealership, connected with the arrest in the hideout of Viale Giulio Cesare in Rome of the brigatists Valerio Morucci and Adriana Faranda and linked by acquaintances with the forger of the Banda della Magliana Tony Chichiarelli, and a passenger, who qualified as a member of the Services, about 30/35 years old “with thick wavy hair and a particular face, very similar to the actor Eduardo De Filippo”.

The same document adds that Viglione had noticed “Agent Eduardo” years later at the private school Beata Angelina, in via Caterina Fieschi in Rome, in the company of Maurizio Navarra, former director of the Sisde training school from 1980 to 1999, and former employee of the Roma 2 counter-espionage center of the Sisde, while they were taking aboard the pupils leaving the institute.

Curiously, the former police inspector Enrico Rossi spoke of an alleged agent of the Services resembling Eduardo De Filippo, the same profile that had seen the engineer Marini, who after his depositions was threatened. The witness, in fact, reiterated during the Moro Uno trial in the courtroom that he had seen the bike as part of a group “of 15-16 people”, therefore much more numerous than that indicated by the reconstructions of the Brigades. Which, evidently, do not say everything they know, even about the role of the Honda bike.

The role of the Honda motorcycle: here is the turning point in the mysteries of the Moro case