The Ministry of Development and Social Inclusion (Midis) reported that through evaluations led by the General Directorate of Monitoring and Evaluation, it was concluded that the continuity of the Qali Warma and Cuna Más social programs is convenient, since food service is a relevant factor for the performance of more than four million schoolchildren, and having achieved positive impacts on early childhood development in vulnerable areas, respectively.
Both evaluations generate evidence that supports the design, implementation, and sustains the continuity of the programs, guaranteeing the quality of their services. These evaluations were given within the framework of the “Procedure for the evaluation of continuity of public executing agencies, programs and special projects of the Executive Power”, approved by the Presidency of the Council of Ministers in 2021.
Midis is one of the first ministries to implement this PCM methodology, which seeks to promote efficiency, effectiveness and better use of public spending, ensuring that decisions on the continuity of public entities are adopted in response to evaluation results based on in evidence and promoting a culture of permanent evaluation in the public sector. The methodology evaluates the performance and situation of the programs in eight dimensions: justification and validity, adequacy, resources, processes, product, monitoring and evaluation, effects and impacts, and sustainability.
For the continuity evaluation of Qali Warma, we had the support of the World Food Program (WFP) and it was developed with an external evaluation team from the School of Public Management of the Universidad del Pacífico. The Qali Warma program obtained a weighted compliance of 90.5%, with the dimensions with the best qualification being: justification and validity, and effects and impacts, both with 100%.
The external evaluation team concluded that it is advisable to continue the Qali Warma program by addressing a relevant problem: inadequate food intake can have negative consequences for students and their educational performance. It also recommends making adjustments in the design that allow improving nutritional results in students, especially from poor and extremely poor areas; and that the program can count on an analysis that contributes to the sustainability of its intervention.
Regarding the continuity evaluation of Cuna Más, it had the support of the Bernard van Leer Foundation and was developed with an external evaluation team from Apoyo Consultoría. The program obtained a weighted compliance of 94.8%, with the best qualified dimensions being: effects and impacts on the child population and sustainability, with 100%. The external evaluation team concluded that it is advisable to continue the program by addressing a relevant problem: the gap in early childhood development in vulnerable areas of Peru.
Aspects that present a challenge for the program are also pointed out, such as the timely delivery of services in rural areas with high geographic dispersion or little Internet access, the high turnover of community actors, centralized decision-making, and the lack of updating of the unit costs generated by not having sufficient resources for the provision of services.