VICTORIA, TAM.- Obesity is a “serious” problem within the basic level student population in Tamaulipas and for its population in general, which was increased with the confinement caused by the COVID-19 pandemic.
Based on national statistics, Tamaulipas is in third place of the 32 states in this problem, only in the age group from less than one year to nine years, the population is 620 thousand 891 children, of which at least 206 thousand 947, that is to say a third part faces weight problems.
Lucía Aimé Castillo Pastor, Secretary of Education in Tamaulipas, announced that the diagnosis in basic education is made by the Secretary of Health, which establishes that at least one in three children has overweight and obesity problems.
Obesity, as well as socio-emotional and psycho-emotional care, are the three major issues that the SET is addressing with strategies to reverse the damage caused in almost three years of the pandemic.
“Schools seek to implement preventive strategies, to strengthen eating habits as a fundamental element that helps to significantly impact the indicators already identified.” The SST has proposed in the work table, the need to insert programs with contents in the education components for work plans and programs, together with other dependencies.
IS OBESITY SERIOUS?
“If the data is visible, it is an important issue and if we need to work on these issues to reduce and prevent obesity.”
Within the actions to prevent obesity problems in schools, the SET is promoting the Healthy Life program, which aims to contribute to the improvement of health conditions and care in students of public and private schools of Basic Education .
“The actions contemplate the development of knowledge and skills that promote adequate nutrition, physical activation, good hygiene practices and disease prevention, thus consolidating healthy lifestyle practices.”
The target population is not only the students of the educational establishments, it is also aimed at teaching staff, since obesity has its highest incidence in the age group of 30 to 45 years.
Some of the strategies are the promotion of healthy eating, hygiene and the permanent practice of physical activity in schools, as well as health training through courses and workshops to improve healthy lifestyles.
The promotion of self-care of health in children and adolescents is included, through playful recreational activities and training through workshops on topics of nutrition, hygiene, epidemiology and physical activation.
One of the first risks faced by children and adolescents in basic education, that is, in preschool, primary and secondary school, is bullying, because in many cases they have to face ridicule from their peers for being overweight.
“My son Jorge, who is just 5 years old, weighs more than 35 kilos and cannot carry out physical education activities, or makes him sleepy in the classroom and his attention in class is poor,” accepts his mother, Rosaura.
Fortunately, with the return to school, she has received information on how to support her son to control his weight, because with the pandemic being at home, his diet was not the most adequate.
“You go out to work, just like your dad, and we leave the children in the care of their older brother, with chips to distract them, with the TV or cell phone and they spent the whole day without having a productive activity ”.
When he realized that being overweight can cause childhood diabetes, or even serious health risks, he took action on the matter “but I did it now that they are in school.”
In both children and adults, health risks are multiplied with obesity, since they are prone to all the fatal diseases such as hypertension, cholesterol, triglycerides, type 2 diabetes, coronary heart disease, stroke and osteoarthritis.
In addition to sleep apnea and respiratory problems, various types of cancer, poor quality of life and even mental illnesses such as clinical depression, anxiety and other mental disorders.
NEW CASES IN THE PANDEMIC
Based on the population of Tamaulipas in 3 million 708 thousand 8 people in all age groups and with an average of 1 obese for every three, in the state there are more than one million 236 thousand inhabitants among children, youth, adults and adults. older people with overweight and obesity.
Problem that continues to grow based on the detections of new cases during the years 2020, 2021 and 2022 that the COVID-19 pandemic has led to in the entity.
During the year 2021, the new cases of obesity registered were about 18,000, with women having a greater impact than men, the figure is much higher compared to the 13,831 reported by the National Epidemiological Bulletin in 2020.
So far this 2022, the number of new cases of obesity identified follows the wing, at week 43, the identification of cases is 22 thousand 59 cases, with a total of 8 thousand 558 men valued and 13 thousand 501 valued women.
BY NORA ALICIA HERNANDEZ HERRERA