L‘accident at work which led to the death of a high school boy in the Belpaese it still opens up a debate on the effective didactic and training usefulness of introducing school-work exchange activities, with the aim, at least officially, of guaranteeing an effective insertion in an increasingly voluminous, schizoid and rapidly changing world. The absence of remuneration for the internship, the negative impact on teaching, given the deprivation of weeks, sometimes whole months, of frontal lessons are the major criticisms in the organizational field advanced by the political parties, which claim the harmfulness of these measures part of a questionable package of measures. The public discourse was rekindled by the now no longer unusual – and tragic – fatal injury suffered by a boy in alternation. What are the guarantees and purposes of these activities? What is happening in Europe?

School activities of a professional nature. We are not alone in Europe

Numerous European realities include, integrated with traditional teaching systems, alternation experiences for the purpose of professional integration with the subsequent release, in addition to a mere flat-rate salary, of a technical certification that can be spent on the local labor market and, sometimes, European. Work alternation in the strict sense can be spoken of in countries such as Germany, France and, with the due specifications and necessary simplifications, in the United Kingdom. A common element in the countries that adopt this system is in any case the joint presence of seminars, internships, internships, paid according to specific rules and, sometimes, at the discretion of the host company. The latter type of training has more general characteristics than that which provides for periods of paid work in the form of an apprenticeship and which is also destined to confer a more specific and in-depth qualification and professionalism in more delimited sectors. In Germany, for example, the professional aim of insertion remains targeted, with contractually paid internships dedicated to a particular profession in technical and professional schools; the same happens in Spain and Denmark too: the administrative regions, according to the actual availability and distribution of local companies, stipulate real collective agreements by inserting them in the curricula administered at technical and professional institutes. In the specific case it is the institute that subsequently reaches close agreements with the activities, organizing calendars and professional exchange sessions. This initiative has attracted, at least in Spain, numerous students in non-secondary schools, registering a boom of students enrolled in the decade 2005 – 2015 of +30%.

One dies in the factory alternating student: it is controversy

An alternating student just of age was working in an engineering industry when a metal plate hit him seriously injuring him through a compression of the lower limbs. It happened in Portogruaro, in the Venetian area. The 118 interventions were useless. The Carabinieri intervened on the spot. The controversy started immediately, with a primary and direct declaration by Minister of Education Patrizio Bianchi. “I learned with pain of the Portogruaro tragedy. An unacceptable death that affected the entire school community. Together with the whole Italian school I am close to the family ”. The counterattack of student organizations was immediate, in favor of a healthyly integrative teaching with the world of professions and business. “An 18-year-old student died while he was working for a school internship in a company in Noventa, in the province of Venice, hit by a metal plate that crushed his legs. Today’s is not an isolated case – declares Bianca Chiesa, national coordinator of the Union of Students – it is the umpteenth death of a boy due to lack of security protections, precariousness and a relationship between education and sick work, which in a structural and continuous manner under protection, exploits and kills “, reports the Spokesperson of the Student Union, in favor of PCTObetter known as the Pathways for Transversal Skills and Orientation, in favor of a more reasoned and less risky insertion.

School-work alternation is again controversy for the death of a student. What is happening in Europe?