Neet: not in education, employment or training.
Acronym which in English means: no study, not employed or in training. It is an indicator of the share of the population aged between 15 and 29 (in many surveys reference is made to the age group between 15 and 34) who are neither employed nor in education or training.
In Italy, the aggregate between 15 and 34 years of age counted in 2020, the year in which the pandemic had the most impact, over three million NEETs.
But the 2020 figure, regardless of Covid, has a structural content, it is the worst in the EU., reiterated in substance also in 2021; more than one out of four residents between the ages of 15 and 34 is in this situation; out of three million, women are the majority (1.7 million) and as always with greater importance in the south, with the most serious situations in Sicily, Calabria, Campania. It should be noted that in many statistical indicators these three regions of our south emerge as the most problematic from an economic and social point of view.
The NEETs are both unemployed, looking for work and cannot find it, and inactive people who no longer seek work, do not study and do not undertake training activities.
Unemployment data improves, but the issue of youth unemployment, of young people entering the labor market, remains a “hard core” that resists even in periods of general growth of the Italian economic system.
The problem of entering the job market for the first time is always very serious, even for those who have a high school diploma; the situation improves for graduates. The issue is of particular social alarm for people aged between 25 and 34 who have only lower secondary education (former middle school); in this age group only 30% of women and 64% of men are employed; therefore low schooling is correlated to a high percentage of unemployment and inactivity, with women in a much worse situation. The theme of the still too high number of school dropouts and the poor connection between school and job demand returns. with the consequence that we have many unemployed young people alongside too many professional figures who cannot find people to fill them.
It is no coincidence that the country that has one of the best percentages of youth employment is Germany, where over one million people attend vocational courses after high school, in Italy there are only twenty thousand.
Another generator of NEET is the abandonment of both work and study paths, in 2021 alone, more than ninety-seven thousand children abandoned school, university or a job by their choice.
The Migrantes report highlights the phenomenon of emigration of our young people, often qualified, who go abroad to spend their skills acquired in the Italian school and university system, causing a serious loss to our national community. With us, these young people often do not find, in acceptable times, the employment opportunities suitable for their preparation. There are over one million two hundred thousand Italians between the ages of 18 and 34. who live permanently abroad.
The issue of NEETs, young people who do not study and do not work, constitutes a serious problem for the subjects who find themselves in this situation and for their families, it is a source of widespread discomfort and social malaise. Although they represent a very varied group, with social characteristics, living conditions, personal and family histories, even very different, they have a common characteristic: the distrust associated with the fear of failing which often prevents them from starting, or getting back , at stake.