KARLA PADILLA/THE WATCHER
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Premature babies can develop different difficulties during their first months of life, according to the complications they have presented at birth, which is why this year we seek to promote skin-to-skin contact between mother and baby, so that the baby can adapt.
Maricela Chávez Moreno, director of the Nursing Degree at the Xochicalco University, commented that on the occasion of World Prematurity Day, which is celebrated on November 17, the aim is to sensitize nurses in training about the commitment they have with life.
He indicated that the care of a premature baby requires specialization, dedication and skills, because babies can be born from 500 grams and spend months in intensive care or pathological nurseries before being delivered to their parents, when they already weigh at least two kilos. .
The nurse reiterated that on this occasion, both the World Health Organization (WHO) and the United Nations Children’s Fund (Unicef) seek to promote skin-to-skin contact between the mother and the child, from the time the baby is in those medical spaces.
“To gradually adapt, because they are in an incubator for many months, recovering weight so they can be discharged, so that is one of the objectives of this campaign to promote skin-to-skin contact so that they can identify their mother,” shared.
Chávez Moreno mentioned that there are different complications in a premature baby, such as respiratory distress due to immature lungs, a problem that could be solved with a ventilator, however, this device could be very invasive for the child and cause other risks.
Given this, the technique used so that babies do not stop breathing, he said, is for nurses to use their hands to constantly stimulate their hearts and lungs.
Another frequent complication, he said, is necrotizing enterocolitis, where the intestinal tissue begins to die and causes the growth of bacteria that put the baby’s health at risk; while there is also the risk of foreign body infections, such as probes or cannulas when a ventilator is placed on them to facilitate breathing.
Finally, the director of the degree mentioned that the students designed some brochures in which they explain that premature children are those born before 37 weeks of gestation.
In addition, he said, the most frequent causes of why these births occur are mentioned, such as low economic resources, the mother’s culture and education, acute or chronic illnesses, and the mother’s age.
“Our school encourages specialized care in all our patients in the new generations, and the intensive care area is an area where devotion, skills, abilities are required and that they, from now on, from their training, carry that commitment, that we we provide care from the premature infant to the elderly, but it has to be with that quality of care,” he concluded.