“Knowledge is power”. This is the name of the part relating to education of the Democratic Party’s programmatic lines.
As already announced, this is a 10 billion plan with increased salaries for teachers, sustainable school buildings, books, canteens and free public transport for students with low and middle incomes.
What does the PD provide for education
However, the revitalization of the South also starts from investments in knowledge, from the centrality of schools and social infrastructures. According to the latest Svimez report, a southern primary school girl does an average of 4 hours less a week; about 550,000 primary school students in the South (66% of the total) do not attend schools equipped with a gymnasium and 650,000 state primary school students (79% of the total) do not benefit from any canteen service. We are talking about 4 out of 5 children. There is a theme of exclusion that also passes through the lack of centrality of the school as an element of education, socialization and emancipation.
Our proposal on the school as the engine of the country starts from here. We want to put school back at the center and give back to the teaching profession the role of dignity and centrality it deserves, guaranteeing adequate and continuous training and bringing salaries back in line with the European average over the next five years. In Italy one child out of ten does not attend kindergarten (3-5 years), we begin to leave them behind even before teaching them to read and write, creating the first odious inequalities in access to a suitable education system and a healthy eating. This creates the first odious inequalities, already at an early age, in access to suitable training and healthy nutrition.
School, on the other hand, must accompany all parents, girls and boys, from the earliest years of life. We therefore understand this discrimination between children by making kindergarten compulsory and guaranteeing that it is free to access. Thus we want to promote equality right from the first steps of the school journey, ensuring equal opportunities for care, relationships and play for all. And then the establishment of a national fund that integrates regional funding for study trips, school trips, after-school leisure time and the purchase of sports equipment and musical instruments. We intend to encourage girls to choose STEM subjects, through guidance.
We want to support the creation of “sustainable learning environments”, accessible, safe (also from a health point of view, with the installation of ventilation systems), innovative, through the promotion of meetings and activities between schools because for us space is a third educator. Commuting from home to school can become a considerable cost for families, especially with inflation eroding many savings.
We want to guarantee free local public transport and school books for low and middle income families (based on ISEE). We also undertake to guarantee free textbooks to students from low and middle income families (according to the ISEE level) and to guarantee all students from middle and high schools full access to psycho-social services. pedagogical through an increase in the presence at school of multidisciplinary teams made up of pedagogues, educators, psychologists. . We will guarantee universal and free access for girls and boys to school canteens and we will invest in increasing the number of support teachers to support all people with disabilities in their schooling.
We want to invest in culture as a space for emancipation, a social tool and an opportunity for personal growth, in contrast to the culture of illegality. When Falcone was asked what he thought of the army in Sicily against the mafia, he replied “of course I want the army, I want an army of teachers because the mafia fears culture”. It’s still true. Schools are the first civil antibody, the first opportunity to learn a free and responsible way of being in the world. This is why we will work to ensure that schools are increasingly safe, beautiful, open all day, engaging places. Real citizenship gyms capable of representing a winning alternative to mafia and violent sub-cultures.
For this reason, we want to enhance the cultural offer in the suburbs of metropolitan cities and in areas of high social marginalization through projects that combine social inclusion, territorial rebalancing, employment protection and enhancement of tangible and intangible cultural heritage.
The national museum system also needs to be strengthened through a strategy that increases the number of autonomous institutes and enhances the museums of the internal areas, also with the use of long-term loans of works of art from the deposits of the large museums. The use of international selections for the choice of directors of state museums and archaeological parks has proven to be a successful strategy, also for the internationalization of our cultural heritage, which must continue. We want to promote the complete digitization of cultural heritage. We want to support the Italian film and audiovisual industry by strengthening the sector’s automatic financing system and strong incentives for young authors and new productions, strengthening the tax credit, supporting international co-productions, safeguarding and relaunching cinemas . It is proposed to expand and enhance the Art Bonus.
For cultural consumption we offer forms of deductibility of expenses incurred for participation in cultural activities; reduction of VAT for cultural products and economic support for the cultural consumption of young people and confirmation of the 18App culture bonus; structural reintroduction of the 2×1000 to cultural associations.