In the period that Carlos Joaquin Quintana Roo ruled, the lag in education grew 2.4 percentage points, as well as the vulnerable population by income by 1.2 percent; This is demonstrated by the statistical data published in the reports on the Situation of Poverty and Social Gap, of the Ministry of Welfare.
In that sense, according to official figures, in 2016, Carlos Joaquín “inherited” from his predecessor, Roberto Borge, 226,700 Quintana Roo laggards in education, which at that time represented 15.1 percent of the total population in the city. Entity, which amounted to one million 501 thousand 500 inhabitants, according to the National Institute of Statistic and Geography (Inegi).
In the next few days, Carlos Joaquín will deliver to Mara Lezama a Quintana Roo with 329 thousand 900 people with delayed studies, which represents 17.5 percent of the current population in the entity, which adds up to one million 858 thousand people. This is equivalent to an increase of 2.4 percentage points. In other words, not only was the lag not contained, but it advanced.
In the case of income vulnerability, in 2016 Carlos Joaquin received the Entity with 96 thousand 300 people with income vulnerability, which represented 8.3 percent of the population; but this indicator grew 1.2 percentage points in 2022, when 178,500 residents were estimated to be in this condition.
Quintana Roo went back 20 years in education
Not only that, according to data from the National Council for the Evaluation of Social Development Policy (Coneval), Quintana Roo had a setback of two decades in terms of school attendance among basic level students. Even 15 percent of Quintana Roo present educational backwardness in the last measurement; 2 percent below the national average, which is estimated at 17 percent.
When reviewing the Coneval data by municipalities, Bacalar It is the demarcation with the greatest educational gap, with 25.0 percent, which is equivalent to 12 thousand 700 people, out of 41 thousand 700 inhabitants; followed by Lázaro Cárdenas, with 20.3 percent of 29,200, which represents 7,264 Quintana Roo; José María Morelos, with 19.7 percent; that is, 10,600 people, out of 39,200; Felipe Carrillo Puerto, with 18.9 percent of 84 thousand citizens, which is equivalent to 20 thousand 230 people with delayed studies.
In this sense, Tulum presents 18.7 percent of its population with lag in education, which represents 8 thousand 600 inhabitants, out of 46 thousand 700; Isla Mujeres follows with 18.1 percent, 3,300 islanders, out of 22,700; Puerto Morelos, with 18 percent, 4,600 people, out of 26,900 citizens; Othón P. Blanco, with 17.4 percent, 41,700 people, out of 233,600; Benito Juárez, with 13.5 percent, 114 thousand 900, of 911 thousand 500 Cancunenses; Solidaridad, with 11.8 percent, 36 thousand 400, of 333 thousand 800 inhabitants; Cozumel, with 11.2 percent, 8 thousand 201, of 88 thousand 626 residents, with educational lag.
Inadequate execution of emerging programs
Part of the educational gap is related to the fact that 66 percent of Quintana Roo students do not have technological tools, such as computers or tablets, that allow them to continue their education, especially in the context of the pandemic.
According to the 2020 socioeconomic census of the Inegi, of 574 thousand homes counted in Quintana Roo, only 319 thousand 200 have Internet connectivity; that is to say that 45 percent lack this service; 42 percent of children belonging to an indigenous group do not have access to the Internet, television or mobile phone, which excluded them from continuing the school year during the health emergency.
It is worth remembering that at the beginning of the pandemic, in April 2020, the Secretary of Public Education (SEP) launched the Radio Strategy for Indigenous Peoples and Communities; program through which classes were given to speakers of 15 native languages, through 18 radio stations of the National Institute of Indigenous Peoples (INPI). However, it failed to reach 53 percent of the indigenous population of Quintana Roo, because they did not have a radio at home.
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