New course, new law

More than 8 million students of non-university education have started classes in schools and institutes. In this new school year Some of the main changes of the Lomloe will begin to be applied in the odd years, the current Education Law. A team of Weekly report He has talked about these changes with students and teachers from various centers and also with parents and experts in Education. “The word maybe shouldn’t be chaos, but we’re almost bordering on that word,” he says. Pedro José Caballero, president of CONCAPA. It refers to the uncertainties with which the course has started in some areas. When it began, seven autonomous communities had not published the regulations that develop the lawAnd neither do the programs.

One of the most notable changes is the way of learning and evaluating, by competencies, with more balance between knowledge of theory and practice and less weight of the rote part. “The day-to-day work is valued more, that not all the grade is the exam, but different projects, work on different topics, that they also investigate”, tells us Marisa Cuevas, professor of Language and Literature at the Margarita Salas Institute of Seseña, in Toledo. Digitization makes its way into the new programs, which also include new transversal approaches in content related to inclusion, climate change or gender equality.

Hereinafter, repeating the course will be something exceptional, and in high school you can pass with two failures. “In Spain, at the age of 15, almost 30 percent of students have repeated,” he says. the sociologist Mariano Fernandez Enguita, and that, he concludes “doesn’t make sense”. It is a topic that raises controversy. “Repetition reduces motivation, reduces effort… it reduces learning, that is, on average it is bad for students,” he says. the economist Lucas Gortazar. “The focus we have to be able to ensure that students are learning,” he insists the pedagogue Jesus Mansowhich warns that repetition cannot be removed “without guaranteeing that we are implementing measures that guarantee the learning of these students”.

Fears for housing

The number of illegally occupied flats stabilizes, but the alarm remains against these actions, which mainly affect bank homes. According to the prosecution, the data for 2021 is very similar to that of the previous year. They were opened 83 processes for trespassing -the crime committed with the illegal occupation of private homes- and by 9,739 usurpations, the legal term used when it comes to homes or premises owned by banks, companies or investment funds. A team of Weekly report in Catalonia analyzes with experts and affected citizens the causes and consequences of illegal occupation.

Carla Yamileth Henriquez, had to pay 1,000 euros to be able to occupy, together with two children and her cousin, a SAREB flat in Ciutat Meridiana, the neighborhood with the lowest per capita income in Barcelona. He says that they did not give him a social rent because he had no income. They have announced the third eviction for next week and he wonders where to go, “because they don’t rent rooms with children… There is no other option but to get into a squat… it is what it is.” Carla is one of the faces of the illegal occupation problem. Another is José Luis Ruiz Castillo, engineer and poet. He found his house in Barceloneta occupied by two strangers when he returned from eating. The judge soon agreed with him but it cost her an ordeal to recover his home, which has suffered a new occupation attempt, this time frustrated. “You can not live with daily fear on top of the body. You are psychiatric meat,” he says.

Spain has become the main alarm market in Europe, according to Securitas Direct, one of the leading companies in the sector. A study carried out by the housing office of the Valencia City Council concludes that only 1 percent of illegally occupied homes are owned by private citizens. Drawing on experience and knowledge, Diego Álvarez de Juan, Reus investigating judge, and also senior judge, affirms that the alarm over the occupation is exaggerated and maintains that the legal means that exist are sufficient to confront it.

Behind many cases of occupation are exclusion situation. But the high prices and lack of social housing make it almost impossible for many low-income citizens, including young people, to have a decent roof over their heads. The new housing law is stuck in Congress sent several months ago by the government. The differences that its two partners, socialists and United We Can, maintain on some important points, make it difficult for the law to get ahead in a short time.

New course, new law