L’compulsory education in Italy establishes how old should you go to school in an undeniable way. Non-compliance can have consequences, especially towards the pupil’s parents, sometimes even configuring a crime.
Overall, the school duration in our country it can be very long, especially if we consider kindergartens and universities. Of course, however, the obligation includes a limited number of yearsfundamental above all to the acquisition of basic knowledge, especially with regard toentry into the world of work and opportunities for young people.
Although this theme has been the subject of debates, and modifications, over the years, it remains very current. One of the main objectives of compulsory schooling is to reduce early school leavinga phenomenon on which there has actually been a favorable impact in the last five years, however still insufficient.
How long is compulsory schooling?
The school system effective does not concern all levels of education, but rather:
- There Primary School (primary) for a 5-year cycle ranging from 6 to 11 years of age.
- There 1st grade secondary school (or lower secondary school) for a three-year cycle, from 11 to 14 years.
- There 2nd grade secondary school (i.e. high school), from 14 to 19 years old.
Anything that comes first, like the nursery school, or after how the University and the training courses are completely optional and therefore not subjected to a rigid and specific discipline; for the law on compulsory schooling in fact, they only detect grades from elementary to high school.
In particular, it is mandatory that pupils receive school education for 10 years, which tends to be from elementary to high school. For the obligation to lapse, however, making it possible to leave school further requirements are necessary:
- There age of majorityregardless of the qualifications obtained.
- Have at least 16 years and have achieved at least one three-year professional qualification.
The particularity of these prerogatives lies in the protection of situations in which the normal duration of the school cycle has been modified for a deferred subscription or for failures. In these cases, in fact, the only years of school attended are not necessarily sufficient to also obtain the basic skills and gods qualifications.
What happens if you don’t go to school
Failure to comply with compulsory schooling can lead to different consequences, depending on the educational cycle in which the pupil is. Especially with regards to elementary schoolsIndeed, one is expected criminal liability at the expense of parents with the possibility that they receive one fine of up to 30 euros.
The same principle initially applied to the remaining part of compulsory schooling, which however was excluded from the law with the repeal that took place in 2010. Therefore the crime of dropping out of school it exists only for primary school.
At the same time, dropping out of school is made particularly difficult by the rigid disciplines that institutions have to follow. THE senior executives of elementary and middle schools must, in fact:
- Check that all students enrolled in the last year have submitted the registration.
- Contact parents to clarify the discrepancies.
- Send the collected data to the competent municipality, so that they can be transmitted to theNational register of pupils.
- Check the frequency real pupils through the Sidithe appropriate control system.
- Report any negative outcome to the municipality and to the Employment centres.
Evidently, therefore, even in the absence of specific sanctions it is very difficult not to renew enrollment during the mandatory period and non-attendance does not represent a solution. In any case, it is possible to complete the compulsory period also by attending private or private schools, regional structures training and through theparental education.
In addition to compulsory education, the law also provides for training, aimed specifically atjob placement adequate and which will last in any case up to 18 years. L’training obligation is acquitted:
- Continuing studies in the education system.
- Attending the vocational training system of regional and municipal jurisdiction.
- Starting a journey of apprenticeship.
- By attending a adult education course.